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  • The offence of theft is defined in Indian Penal Code in the Section 378. It has 5 explanations describing various features of theft. The section reads thus: Whoever, intending to take dishonestly any moveable property out of the possession of any person without that person's consent, moves that property in order to such taking, is said to commit theft. Punishment of theft is described under Section 379. The offence of extortion is defined in Section 383 of the Indian Penal Code. Punishment for the offence is defined in Sec.384. Section 383 says that " whoever intentionally puts any person in fear of any injury to that person, or to any other, and thereby dishonestly induces the person so put in fear to deliver to any person any property or valuable security, or anything signed or sealed which may be converted into a valuable security, commits extortion"
  • In theft the accused/offender takes the property without the consent of the owner/possessor. In extortion the consent is obtained wrongfully.
  • In theft the property is obtained without an active knowledge of victim. There is no compulsion in theft. But in extortion the amount of force is there. 
  • Movable property is the subject in theft. In extortion both movable and immovable property can be subject matters.


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