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Decree:Its Characteristics
Decree is the adjudication of a civil court. The term is defined in Section 2(2) of the Civil Procedure Code(referred as Code hereafter). It says that a decree is the formal expression of an adjudication which conclusively determines the rights of the parties with regard to all or any of the matters in controversy in the suit. It further goes to say that a decree may be either preliminary or final.
Characteristics
1.    Formal expression
Order 20 of the Code prescribes certain requirements for drawing up a decree. It shall be in confirmation with the judgment. It must contain the date of presentation of plaint, number of suit, names and descriptions of parties, their address, particulars of claim, cost, relief,etc.Decree is to be prepared within fifteen days from the date of judgment. A judge should verify the decree before signing the same. Following these guidelines in Order 20 gives a formality to the decree.
2.    Adjudication
The Court should exercise its adjudicatory functions in disposing of a case. The Court should determine and reach a conclusion on the point of matters in dispute. The matter in issue must be heard and decided by the Court. This is called an adjudication. An adjudication is necessary in a decree.
3.    Conclusive determination of rights
As the definition says, there must be a determination of the rights of the parties. This is determined after considering the matters in controversy between the parties.The determination of such rights must be conclusive also.
Thus to sum up we can say that there must be a formal expression of an adjudication which conclusively determines the rights of the parties in a decree. Rejection of plaint is deemed to be a decree.

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