Criminal intimidation and Extortion
- Section 503 of the Indian Penal Code[hereinafter referred as Code]defines criminal intimidation. It says like this: Whoever threatens another with any injury to his person[body], reputation or property, or to the person or reputation of any one in whom that person is interested, with intent to cause alarm to that person, or to cause that person to do any act which he is not legally bound to do, or to omit to do any act which that person is legally entitled to do, as the means of avoiding the execution of such threat, commits criminal intimidation.
- Section 383 of the Code defines the offence of extortion. Whoever intentionally puts any person in fear of any injury to that person, or to any other, and thereby dishonestly induces the person so put in fear to deliver to any person any property or valuable security, or anything signed or sealed which may be converted into a valuable security, commits extortion.
- Force is used constructively in the offence of criminal intimidation. In extortion, force may be used both actually and constructively.
- In criminal intimidation, there is a threat of injury to do or not to do an illegal act. In extortion there is dishonest inducement after fear of injury to deliver any propery or valuable security.