The written statement is the defence of a party against whom a suit has been filed. It is the pleadings of the defendant in a suit. A defendant categorically and specifically denies all allegations against him and all claims raised by the plaintiff in the plaint. It is the case of the defendant. He can also raise a counter claim in the written statement.
Like wise in plaint, defendant also can file documents along with written statement. If the defendant relies on a particular document that is needed to be filed along with his written statement. The rule is envisaged under Order 8 Rule 1A of the Code of Civil Procedure.
Rule 1A was inserted by the Act of 1999 and it came into effect from 2002. As per Sub Rule 1 of Rule 1A whenever a defendant bases his defence upon a document or relies upon any document in his possession or power for supporting his defence or claim, he shall enlist the same and produce in the Court along with his written statement. He shall also file a copy of the document. If the defendant has not produced the document along with his written statement, he cannot afterwards produce it in Court without its leave.
The original documents need to be filed before settlement of issues. As in the case of plaint, the documents forms a part of pleading of the defendant.