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Transfer of Property law in India is all about transferring property between persons. This may be by way of sale, mortgage, lease etc. If a person transfers an immovable property the new owner gets absolute right over the property.
Section 10 of the law of Transfer of Property deals with restrictions imposed on transfer of properties. It must be noted that a right of transfer is incidental to and inseparable from beneficial ownership of the property. So a restraint on alienation which may be an absolute one is a void one. Partial restraint is not void.
As per the section a condition which absolutely restrains the power of alienation is void. But a partial restraint on alienation like prohibiting sale to a particular class of people etc is valid.
The Exceptions
In the case of transfer of property by way of Lease there can be absolute restraint. The lessee may be restrained from alienating the property. In England the law recognised that a married woman can enjoy the fruits of the property only when she is in the status of a wife. She cannot transfer the same when in the status of a married woman. It was later abolished. The rule is still in force in India.

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