Offence is defined under Section 2(n) of the Criminal Procedure Code, 1973. It is an act or omission made punishable by any law for the time being in force. Generally offences are divided into four in the CrPC. They are specified below:
This is defined in Section 2(a) of the Code. It is an offence which is shown as bailable in the First Schedule or which is made bailable by any other law for the time being in force. The right to be released on bail is confined to less serious offences. The bail is the right of the accused in such cases. Offences are divided according to their gravity in the First schedule as bailable and non-bailable. Section 436 of the Code deals with granting bail in bailable offences.
It is defined in Section 2(a) of the Code as all other offences which are not bailable offences. In non-bailable offences the granting of bail is the discretion of the Court. It is serious offences. Here the accused cannot claim the bail as a matter of right. Section 437 of the Code deals with granting of bail in non-bailable offences.
It is defined in Section 2(c) of the Code.It is such offence where the police officer may arrest an accused without warrant as per the First Schedule of the Act or under any other law for the time being in force. They are serious offences and the police require no prior sanction from the magistrate to investigate.
Section 2(l) of the Act defines non-cognizable offence. In this case the police officer cannot arrest without warrant. He needs prior permission of the Magistrate to start investigation also. Offences are minor and less serious.
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