Abetment means the act of approving, encouraging or supporting a person. This term is used for aiding a crime in Indian Penal Code. Abetment is defined in Section 107 of the Indian Penal Code. A person is said to abet another to do a thing if he instigates him, or engages other persons in any conspiracy to do that thing, or if he intentionally aids to do that thing by any act or illegal omission.
An abettor is a person who abets an offence. It is also to be noted that it is not necessary that for committing the offence of abetment, the real offence abetted should be committed.
Types of abetment
Abetment can be committed through various methods. It can be caused by aiding, conspiracy, instigation.
a.Conspiracy-When the person abetting conspires with another two to do an illegal act or omission which would be an offence, it is called abetment by conspiracy. So in this type of abetment, there must be a conspiracy and two or more persons is required.
b.Aiding-Aid means help. If the person is aiding or helping the actual offender to commit the offence or to help the offender in furtherance of commission of the crime, it is called abetment by aiding.
c.Instigation-Instigating or provoking a person to do an offence is also abetment for committing that offence. Instigation can be directly or indirectly done. Words, gestures etc may be used for instigating another person.
There are still many sub-heads and divisions for the offence of abetment. It may be dealt in another post. But for the time being this short note is published.